Jordan Jack Grigor, Moritz S. Schmid, Louis Fortier
Journal of Plankton Research 39(6)
Publication year: 2017

In Arctic seas, primary production and the availability of food for zooplankton are strongly pulsed over the short productive summer. We tested the hypothesis that Eukrohnia hamata and Parasagitta elegans, two similar and sympatric arctic chaetognaths, partition resources through different reproductive strategies. The two species had similar natural longevities of around 2 years. Eukrohnia hamata, which occurred at epi- and meso-pelagic depths, spawned two distinct broods in autumn and spring. Offspring production coincided with drops in the frequency of E. hamata with visible lipid reserves, characteristic of capital breeders. Growth was positive from April to January and negative in February and March. Growth and maturation were similar for the two broods. Storage reserves contained in an oil vacuole may allow E. hamata to reproduce and grow outside the short production season. Parasagitta elegans produced one brood in summer–autumn during peak production in near-surface waters, characteristic of income breeders. In winter, P. elegans co-inhabited meso-pelagic waters with E. hamata, where it neither grew nor reproduced. As the Arctic warms, the development of an autumn phytoplankton bloom could favour the summer–autumn brood of P. elegans. (Journal of Plankton Research is attributed as the original place of publication: https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbx045)

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